Coronavirus Treatment (COVID-19)

Corona virus or severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is a virus that attacks the respiratory system. This disease caused by a viral infection is called COVID-19. Corona virus can cause mild disturbances to the respiratory system, severe lung infections, to death.

Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), better known as the Corona virus, is a new type of coronavirus that is transmitted to humans. Although more attacking the elderly, this virus can actually affect anyone, ranging from infants, children, to adults, including pregnant women and nursing mothers.

Corona virus infection is called COVID-19 (Corona Virus Disease 2019) and was first discovered in the city of Wuhan, China at the end of December 2019. This virus is transmitted very quickly and has spread to almost all countries, including Indonesia, in just a few months.

This makes some countries implement policies to impose lockdowns in order to prevent the spread of Corona virus. In Indonesia itself, a Large-Scale Social Restrictions (PSBB) policy was put in place to suppress the spread of this virus.

Coronavirus is a collection of viruses that can infect the respiratory system. In many cases, this virus only causes mild respiratory infections, such as flu. However, this virus can also cause severe respiratory infections, such as lung infections (pneumonia).

In addition to the SARS-CoV-2 virus or Corona virus, viruses that are also included in this group are the viruses that cause Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) and the virus that causes Middle-East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS). Although caused by viruses from the same group, namely coronaviruses, COVID-19 has some differences with SARS and MERS, among others in terms of the speed of spread and severity of symptoms.

Corona Virus Treatment (COVID-19)

Corona virus infection or COVID-19 can not be treated, but there are some steps that doctors can take to reduce symptoms and prevent the spread of the virus, namely:

  1. Referring patients with severe COVID-19 to undergo treatment and caratina in a referral hospital
  2. Provide fever and pain relievers that are safe and in accordance with the patient's condition
  3. Encourage sufferers of COVID-19 to do independent isolation and adequate rest
  4. Encourage sufferers of COVID-19 to drink lots of water to maintain body fluid levels

Complications of Corona Virus (COVID-19)

In severe cases, Corona virus infection can cause the following complications:

  • Pneumonia (lung infection)
  • Secondary infection of other organs
  • Kidney failure
  • Acute cardiac injury
  • Acute respiratory distress syndrome
  • Dead

Corona Virus Prevention (COVID-19)

Until now, there is no vaccine to prevent Corona virus infection or COVID-19. Therefore, the best prevention method is to avoid the factors that can cause you to be infected with this virus, namely:

  • Apply physical distancing, which is to maintain a minimum distance of 1 meter from other people, and not to go outside the house unless there is an urgent need.
  • Use a mask when on the move in public places or crowds, including when you go shopping for groceries.
  • Routinely wash your hands with water and soap or hand sanitizer containing at least 60% alcohol, especially after doing activities outside the home or in public places.
  • Do not touch the eyes, mouth and nose before washing hands.
  • Increase endurance with a healthy lifestyle.
  • Avoid contact with people with COVID-19, people who are suspected of being positively infected by the Corona virus, or people who are sick with a fever, cough, or runny nose.
  • Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when you cough or sneeze, then throw the tissue in the trash.
  • Keep clean objects that are often touched and environmental cleanliness, including cleaning the house.

For people suspected of being affected by COVID-19 or included in the ODP (monitored person) or PDP (patient under surveillance) category, there are steps that can be taken so that the Corona virus is not transmitted to others, namely:

  • Do independent isolation by staying apart from others for a while. If it is not possible, use a bedroom and bathroom that is different from what others use.
  • Do not leave the house, except for treatment.
  • If you want to go to the hospital when the symptoms get worse, you should first contact the hospital to pick up.
  • Prohibit and prevent others from visiting or visiting you until you are completely healed.
  • As much as possible do not have meetings with people who are sick.
  • Avoid sharing the use of cutlery and drinking equipment, toiletries, and sleeping equipment with others.
  • Wear a mask and gloves when in a public place or with someone else.
  • Use tissue to cover your mouth and nose when coughing or sneezing, then immediately throw the tissue in the trash.
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